Modeling the spatial distribution patterns of maternal death in San Luis Potosí, Mexico 2010-2015
The death of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth or puerperium reflects structural problems in the access and control of maternal health. The incorporation of geospatial approaches to health problems provides technical-scientific support for decision making in the health sciences. The spatio-temporal patterns and trends of maternal death incorporated geographic categories related to position, distribution and spatial variation, showing that on a regional scale there was a distribution pattern grouped in health jurisdictions III, IV, V, VI and VII. On a local scale, 13.97 % of the deaths occurred in the isochron of care with low accessibility, which meant a spatial distribution more than five hours away from the medical unit of reference. Incorporating geographic methods and techniques to priority health problems makes it possible to contribute to the planning of health management strategies. The spatio-temporal context of maternal death integrated the geographic space as a unit of analysis defined through geographically referenced information or data, making the problem territorialized and visible by virtue of characteristics associated with timely access to maternal health.
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